Turkey

Turkey

The International Passenger Survey (IPS) was suspended on 16 March 2020 due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic until the start of 2021. The ONS have made every effort to produce high-quality estimates for the periods when IPS data is not being collected but have not been able to produce a full set of results therefore no data from 2020 is available on the interactive chart below. Interviewing initially began at UK airports at the start of 2021, though the IPS remained suspended at some sea ports and train stations during the year. Data for 2021 and 2022 is also excluded below as there were no interviews at Eurotunnel until July 2022 and data from Dover was only collected from Q3 2021.

Read more about 2020 inbound data2021 inbound data, 2022 quarterly data as well as the latest monthly data for 2022.

Global context

Measure2019
International tourism expenditure (US$bn)4.1
Global rank for international tourism expenditure50
Number of outbound visits (m)8.4
Most visited destination overall Greece
Most visited destination in Western EuropeGermany

Key demographic and economic data

Measure2021
Population (m)85.1
GDP per capita PPP (US$)31,035
Annual average GDP growth over past decade (%)5.1
Annual GDP growth (%)11.0

Inbound visits to Britain from Turkey

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Number of visits

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Total expenditure (GBP)

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Total nights spent

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Average length of stay (Nights)

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Average spend per visit (GBP)

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Access to Britain from Turkey

Measure2019
Weekly aircraft departures350
Weekly seat capacity71,369
Airports with direct routes in Turkey8
Airports with direct routes in Britain19
  • Since 2009, the annual seat capacity from Turkey to Britain has increased by 162%
  • There are 350 direct, non-stopping flight departures to Britain a week, with a total seat capacity of 71,369 seats a week
  • Eight airports in Turkey serve 19 British airports
  • The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic led to a 55% reduction in direct seat capacity from Turkey to the UK in 2020, and 2021 was 69% behind pre-COVID levels 
  • The current reduced rate of Air Passenger Duty for visitors departing Britain for Istanbul is £13