The Office for National Statistics have released the final International Passenger Survey (IPS) results covering 2017. A summary report of the data can be found here (PDF, 495KB)
This report is based on the information and data released by the ONS on 20th July. This is by no means the complete 2017 data, which will follow at a later date, but provides an update on the provisional 2017 data released in March 2018.
As soon as more detailed data is available we will circulate another update and also update sections on our website, including the visualisations which allow for greater exploration of the data over the long term, by market and UK region.
The table below shows trends in inbound tourism for the period 2003 to 2017 based on the Office for National Statistics International Passenger Survey. The number of visits in 2017 grew 4% to a record 39.2 million, after several years of growth since 2010.
The value of spending increased by 9% to £24.5 billion – a new record. Average spend per visit was £625 in 2017, up from £599 per visit in 2016.
The number of visitor nights spent in the UK increased by 3% in 2017 to 285 million, with the average number of nights per visit declining to 7.3.
Headline trends in inbound tourism to the UK
Number of Visits (m)
|Spend (£bn)||Average spend per visit||Average nights per visit||Nights (m)|
Top 10 markets
The top ten inbound markets for the UK in terms of number of visits during 2017 accounted for almost two in three visits (63%). This proportion has been trending down over time: in 2005, the top ten accounted for 69% of all visits. The top ten markets have been the same every year since 2005; the only change in 2017 from 2016 was Poland overtaking Italy to claim seventh place. Only two long-haul markets, the USA and Australia, appear in the top ten.
Looking at spending by inbound visitors, the top ten markets contributed 53% of all spending, with the USA worth over £2 billion more than the next most valuable market in 2017, Germany. After briefly entering the top ten for value in 2015, China and Saudi Arabia have returned, with Switzerland and Canada falling from the top ten league table in 2017.
|Top ten markets by volume||Top ten markets by value|
|Visits (000)||% of all visits||
|Spend (£m)||% of all spend|
Journey Purpose and Seasonal Spread
In 2017 nearly two-in-five inbound visits to the UK were for a holiday (39%), whilst a quarter (22%) were for business.
By contrast VFR trips account for a lower share of inbound visitor spend (24%) than they do of visits (31%), while holiday and business spending (43% and 22% respectively) are in line with their respective share of visits (39% and 22%).
Three fifths of holiday visits were during the middle quarters of the year in 2017 (31% April to June, 31% July to September) whilst around one-in-six (18%) were in the first three months of the year and a fifth (20%) in the last three months. By contrast business and VFR visits show a more even seasonal spread (22%-29% per quarter).
Mode of Travel
The UK enjoys excellent global connectivity, with well over 100 countries having direct air connections to the UK in 2017. In 2017 76% of inbound visitors reached the UK by air.
As visitors who travel by air tend to spend more per visit than those using other means of transport the share of visitor spend accounted for by visitors who fly to the UK stood at 87% in 2017.
Visitors who do not travel by air are almost evenly split between those who travel by ferry (13%) or use the Channel Tunnel (11%).
Distribution by area
|Rest of England||16,496||£7,814|